Publications Found (2133)
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Wayne Horowitz, Peter Zilberg

Published here for the first time is the jewel of the cuneiform tablet collection of the Otago Museum in Dunedin, New Zealand. This tablet, E2014.62 preserves a rather unique exemplar of the medico-magical corpus. The obverse gives prescriptions against Lamaštu while the reverse preserves what seem to be a related ritual and accompanying incantations. The very bottom of the reverse provides a drawing of a human-type figure with a goat-like...

(2016) | DE GRUYTER
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Andrey V. Chubukov, Maxim Khodas, Rafael M. Fernandes

Magnetism and nematic order are the two nonsuperconducting orders observed in iron-based superconductors. To elucidate the interplay between them and ultimately unveil the pairing mechanism, several models have been investigated. In models with quenched orbital degrees of freedom, magnetic fluctuations promote stripe magnetism, which induces orbital order. In models with quenched spin degrees of freedom, charge fluctuations promote...

(2016) | APS Physics
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Jonathan Ventura, Gal Ventura

Despite its cultural prominence, the history of the feeding bottle is rarely discussed in contemporary research, contrary to popular deliberations focusing on its material attributes. In order to fill the gap, this article wishes to highlight the various attributes of the modern feeding bottle, created in France during the nineteenth century, an era in which modern consumerism coincided with the medicalization of childhood. Using hundreds of...

(2016) | Taylor and Francis online
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We present a systematic, quantitative assessment of the impact of pore size disorder and its interplay with flow rates and wettability on immiscible displacement of a viscous fluid. Pore-scale simulations and micromodel experiments show that reducing disorder increases the displacement efficiency and compactness, minimizing the fluid-fluid interfacial area, through (i) trapping at low rates and (ii) viscous fingering at high rates. Increasing...

(2016) | nature
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Scientists use high-dimensional measurement assays to detect and prioritize regions of strong signal in a spatially organized domain. Examples include finding methylation enriched genomic regions using microarrays and identifying active cortical areas using brain-imaging. The most common procedure for detecting potential regions is to group together neighboring sites where the signal passed a threshold. However, one needs to account for the...

(2016) | CSH
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Interpreting human stories, whether those told by individuals, groups, organizations, nations, or even civilizations, opens a wide scope of research options for understanding how people construct, shape, and reshape their perceptions, identities, and beliefs. Such narrative research is a rapidly growing field in the social sciences, as well as in the societally oriented humanities, such as cultural studies. This methodologically framed book...

(2016) | Routledge Series on Interpretive Methods
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François Diederich, Ori Gidron, Michael Jirásek, Michael Wörle

Enantiopure alleno‐acetylenic ligands, containing two chiral allene moieties, assemble diastereoselectively with zinc(II) ions to form trinuclear triple‐stranded helicates, featuring two internal cavity binding sites (“helicages”). The addition of cycloalkanes or heteroalicycles results in inclusion complex formation with two guest molecules bound in one helicate. While no positive allosteric effects were observed, the chiroptical...

(2016) | Wiley Online Library
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Aashish Ranjan, Daniel Fulop, Itai Ofner, Daniel Zamir

Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) mapping is a powerful technique for dissecting the genetic basis of traits and species differences. Established tomato mapping populations between domesticated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and its more distant interfertile relatives typically follow a near isogenic line (NIL) design, such as the S. pennelliiIntrogression Line (IL) population, with a single wild introgression per line in an otherwise domesticated...

(2016) | g3journal
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Alon Eizenberg, Merav Yiftach, Saul Lach

We study grocery price differentials across neighborhoods in a large metropolitan area (the city of Jerusalem, Israel). Prices in commercial areas are persistently lower than in residential neighborhoods. We also observe substantial price variation within residential neighborhoods: retailers that operate in peripheral, non-affluent neighborhoods charge some of the highest prices in the city. Using CPI data on prices and neighborhood-level...

(2016) | SSRN
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Ariel Drori, Bettina Nadorp, Amnon Buxboim, Chen Goldstein, Yoav Kan-tor

Tension pneumothorax is a life-threatening medical emergency mostly associated with chest trauma. It is considered a leading cause of death due to injury and represents a substantial portion of potentially preventable deaths in the battlefield. The accepted therapeutic approach is manual thoracostomy with chest tube insertion. This is a relatively simple procedure when performed by skilled hands and in optimal conditions. In the battlefield...

(2016) | Springer Link
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Alon Eizenberg, Joel Waldfogel, Steven Berry

We clarify the sense in which the market outcome may be biased against preference minorities, and estimate the degree of bias using an empirical model of entry into American radio broadcasting markets. Listening model estimates are used to infer fixed costs, and these estimates are then used to compute optimal station configurations as well as the welfare weights on different groups that rationalize the observed configuration. Welfare weights...

(2016) | Wiley Online Library
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Clifford Seth Parker, Michael Segal, William Brent Seales

Computer imaging techniques are commonly used to preserve and share readable manuscripts, but capturing writing locked away in ancient, deteriorated documents poses an entirely different challenge. This software pipeline—referred to as “virtual unwrapping”—allows textual artifacts to be read completely and noninvasively. The systematic digital analysis of the extremely fragile En-Gedi scroll (the oldest Pentateuchal scroll in Hebrew outside...

(2016) | Science Advances
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Fouad Hassouna, Prasanth Padala, Walaa Oweis, Reuven Wiener

Modification of proteins by ubiquitin or ubiquitin-like proteins (UBLs) is a critical cellular process implicated in a variety of cellular states and outcomes. A prerequisite for target protein modification by a UBL is the activation of the latter by activating enzymes (E1s). Here, we present the crystal structure of the non-canonical homodimeric E1, UBA5, in complex with its cognate UBL, UFM1, and supporting biochemical experiments. We find...

(2016) | ScienceDirect
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Gunnar F. Schröder, Nir Kalisman, Tatjana Braun

The bacterial flagellar apparatus, which involves ∼40 different proteins, has been a model system for understanding motility and chemotaxis. The bacterial flagellar filament, largely composed of a single protein, flagellin, has been a model for understanding protein assembly. This system has no homology to the eukaryotic flagellum, in which the filament alone, composed of a microtubule-based axoneme, contains more than 400 different proteins....

(2016) | PNAS
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Dafna Shahaf, Tom Hope

We are interested in estimating individual labels given only coarse, aggregated signal over the data points. In our setting, we receive sets (“bags”) of unlabeled instances with constraints on label proportions. We relax the unrealistic assumption of known label proportions, made in previous work; instead, we assume only to have upper and lower bounds, and constraints on bag differences. We motivate the problem, propose an intuitive...

(2016) | Springer Link
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Orna Kupferman, Shaull Almagor, Udi Boker

In recent years, there has been a growing need and interest in formally reasoning about the quality of software and hardware systems. As opposed to traditional verification, in which one considers the question of whether a system satisfies a given specification or not, reasoning about quality addresses the question of how well the system satisfies the specification. We distinguish between two approaches to specifying quality. The...

(2016) | JACM
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Dominik P. Waluk, Monika M. Welle, Ronnie Kaufmann, Vidhya Jagannathan, Gila Zur

X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED) caused by variants in the EDA gene represents the most common ectodermal dysplasia in humans. We investigated three male mixed-breed dogs with an ectodermal dysplasia phenotype characterized by marked hypotrichosis and multifocal complete alopecia, almost complete absence of sweat and sebaceous glands, and altered dentition with missing and abnormally shaped teeth. Analysis of SNP...

(2016) | g3journal
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Osnat Zohar, Nathan Sussman

Following the onset of the global financial crisis (2008) we witness a strengthening of the correlation between crude oil prices and medium-term inflation expectations. Using the first principal component of commodity prices as a measure for global aggregate demand, we decompose oil prices into a global demand factor and idiosyncratic factors that include supply side effects and weather conditions. The decomposition of oil prices allows us to...

(2016) | SSRN
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The community known today as the Sri Lankan Malays traces its roots to political exiles, convicts, servants and soldiers sent to colonial Ceylon by the Dutch East India Company from the late 17th to the late 18th century and by the British after their takeover of the island in 1796. These ancestors of today’s community came from diverse linguistic, cultural and class backgrounds across the Indonesian archipelago and, to a lesser extent, the...

(2016) | Taylor and Francis online
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Reliable performance evaluations require representative workloads. This has led to the use of accounting logs from production systems as a source for workload data in simulations. But using such logs directly suffers from various deficiencies, such as providing data about only one specific situation, and lack of flexibility, namely the inability to adjust the workload as needed. Creating workload models solves some of these problems but...

(2016) | Conference paper
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